Line drivers: composite bats fuel high-end sales

In a sport in which participation numbers are relatively flat, new participants are not the drivers of sales figures–new products are. With that in mind, baseball hardgoods manufacturers are working hard on R & D to create products that perform better, while also being more appealing.

SGMA International’s Sports Participation Topline Report for 2006 reveals that baseball and softball participants in 2005 slipped 4.8 percent from 2004. But innovations in products are on the rise.

Nowhere is this influx of tech more apparent than in youth softball bats, where vendors are exploring new materials and designs to create a product that will give both themselves and consumers a competitive edge.

Matt Arndt, VP of Easton Baseball/Softball, notes that the “edge” comes in the form of composite materials used throughout the length of the bat. “We’re very excited and very focused on composite materials, carbons and fiberglasses, making composite bats in all the sports,” says Arndt. “We feel that composite bats allow us to make better bats due to the fact that you’ve got a lot more design flexibility with a composite bat than you do with an aluminum bat. We definitely feel that it’s the bat material of the future, in all sports. We feel that if you look five years from now, just like in softball, you’re going to see primarily composite baseball bats in the upper ends of the game.”

However, the view at Worth Sports is slightly different. While composites are important, aluminum still has its place in the hearts, and importantly, ears of the consumer, according to Tim Lord, director of products for Worth. “In baseball, we’re looking at hybrid technology [combining composites with aluminum] right now and we’re also looking at 100 percent aluminum technology,” he says. “Baseball is a little different. The ‘ping’ sound of aluminum is still a very desired sound and feel, so composites have not quite taken over the baseball world like they have the softball world.”

Over the past two years, the composite market, while hot with consumers, has been a hassle for vendors as sourcing issues have resulted in a constant fight to find supplies. “We’ve been through plenty of really frightening times, I could say in the past 10 years, but really the last two,” says Arndt. “We’ve had to scramble and look around, beg, borrow, do whatever we could to get carbon for the company. We’ve gone through times where maybe our safety stock got really tight and we didn’t have as much as we wanted and we had to look to alternative vendors, but we managed to get through it and from everything we understand and are seeing now, the supply is opening up a little bit as a lot of the big composite suppliers have expanded their capacities.”

One factor diverting carbon supplies has been the defense department, which is using more than it has in the past due to the war, according to Lord.

As the carbon issues become less immediate, vendors are able to focus more on designing and creating quality bats and less on finding materials. With that refocusing, a better, more exciting product is hitting shelves, which, combined with increasing travel team and “serious” participation amongst those playing, is driving sales of higher-end product. As Arndt sees it, “Not as many guys in high school these days are playing three and four sports. There’s a lot more ‘you pick a sport and focus on it all year.’ You’ve got more avid users, so maybe the high-end of the market is growing, whereas your overall participation might not be.”

Whether it comes as fully composite or as a hybrid, carbon fiber and materials like it are finding a place in the production of bats for baseball and are already prevalent in softball. The focus now will be on finetuning the use of these materials to create a bat that hits the ball as far as possible while minimizing vibration and improving feel.

WORTH The Amp Hybrid bat features a mixture of composite materials and aluminum. The Mayhem M7 is a 100 percent composite fastpitch bat. SRP N/A.

EASTON The Stealth Comp CNT features carbon nanotube technology made possible by Zyvex NanoSolve materials. The addition of CNT strengthens composite structures to allow for bigger sweet spots. SRP $389.

DEMARINI The Evo Ax features Half & Half Doublewall technology and a composite barrel. The Juice has a four-walled stacked composite barrel. SRP $329.99 (Evo Ax); $279.99 (Juice).

MIZUNO Both the Crush G5 and Wrath II feature a thin 13.16″ handle, while the Crush offers a complete composite construction and the Wrath II has a filament wound inner sleeve for consistent performance. SRP $300 (Wrath); $200 (Crush).

Tennis’ new racket

Tennis. It used to be so simple. White shorts, white shirt, white socks and white shoes. Throw in a wooden racket and you were ready for a day on the courts.

Today, however, tennis rackets are manufactured out of everything from graphite to boron, no color is considered taboo as far as apparel is concerned, and following on the advancements of racket technology, footwear is now in the midst of the most rapid changes in the history of the game.

1991 will see the introduction of specialized tennis footwear with manufacturers matching shoe characteristics with age groups and even playing styles. This year will also feature fashion breakthroughs at the U.S. Open – fashion breakthroughs which are sure to make tennis purists roll over in their grave, as Nike and Reebok debut the industry’s first performance-tennis shoes with black uppers.

After several years of little or no increases, sales of tennis footwear rose from $780 million in 1989 to $800 million in 1990, according to the Sporting Good Manufacturers Association (SGMA), North Palm Beach, Fla., and manufacturers expect that number to continue climbing during the coming year. And, manufacturers argue, had it not been for the advent of cross training, tennis could be an even larger market than it is today. “Tennis footwear hasn’t been increasing the way the athletic category as a whole has been,” says Mike Skinner, senior product manager at Prince Manufacturing Inc., Lawrenceville, N.J. “To some degree we would say that cross training is still growing, but we see cross training slowing down and tennis getting ready for an uptick.”

“Cross training was making a fashion statement that tennis wasn’t making,” says John Wilson, tennis product manager for Reebok International Ltd., Stoughton, Mass.

But that’s about to change. The sport of tennis is on a rise, and manufacturers are infusing new looks and color palettes to generate even more interest in the category.

To generate interest in the sport, Wilson says Reebok is “breaking the rules by introducing an all-black tennis shoe in a traditionally all-white sport. Tennis is ripe for that. Tennis is a traditional sport and tennis products have tended to be somewhat conservative. We wanted to make a statement.”

Like other athletics categories, 80 to 85 percent of all tennis footwear won’t be used on the courts. But that’s not stopping companies from designing more mens shoes for plantar fasciitis around what they perceive to be the needs of tennis players.

For example, in the fall, Reebok will offer one line of tennis shoes, called The Club Collection, for the player over 24, another line of shoes, The Court Victory Collection, for the 18-24 market, and yet a third line of tennis shoes, The Classic Collection, for the person who doesn’t even play tennis.

“There is an increased participation among juniors,” says Wilson, explaining why companies like Reebok are focusing on fashion as well as performance to bring excitement to the category. Indeed, the United States Tennis Association (USTA) reports that junior-tennis memberships increased by 14 percent in 1990. Reebok isn’t alone in pursuing the junior market. Nike Inc., Beaverton, Ore., will launch separate lines for the over-and-under-24 markets in the spring, and Adidas also has plans to go after the junior market in a big way.

As if this doesn’t sound radical enough, retailers and consumers should hold on to their rackets, because this fragmentation of the market is just beginning.

Wilson Sporting Goods, River Grove, Ill., is ready to break the market down even further with a line of tennis shoes for spring 1992 that are designed to match players’ shoes to their playing styles. “We’re concentrating on the different types of players,” says Tim Cronin, general manger of footwear at Wilson, of the new line called Player Performance Matched. He says the Wilson Pro Staff and Plexus shoes are designed to offer more stability to aid baseline players who play longer points and move from side to side, while another new shoe called the Turning Point is lightweight and geared to give the serve-and-volley player more quickness on the court.

Cronin says Wilson also is developing a third line that will mix a little of each for the all-court player. “We were trying to be everything to everyone and we’re nothing to nobody,” he says, adding that Wilson has temporarily shelved its basketball and cross-training shoes for bunions and hammertoes to concentrate on tennis.

“Everyone has to have a reason to exist,” he continues. “We are not, at this point, a powerhouse in footwear. But we think we can be. Right now it’s only an issue of time.”

Just because the manufacturers are breaking the category down into segments, however, doesn’t mean retailers are going to follow suit. “They’re doing their job well,” says Mark Hoffman, tennis footwear buyer for The Athlete’s Foot, Atlanta, Ga., of the manufacturers. “They’re creating the type of problems for buyers and consumers they want to create. They want to divide the line so if you miss an sku you miss business. But as a buyer I still only have |x’ amount of dollars to chose from. They’re doing a good job by making you think. It’s a marketing tool by the manufacturer. They want you to buy several collections.”

Most manufacturers agree that to survive in the market, the shoe needs its own unique technology. “You have to have something,” says Gary Wakley, vice president of marketing for Adidas USA, Warren N.J.

And the game that’s receiving the most play by manufacturers for spring 1992 is lightweight-tennis footwear.

“We feel it’s an extraordinarily good opportunity,” says Kathy Button, director of marketing communications for Converse, North Reading, Mass., of the tennis category, “particularly because of the lack of dominance of any one brand.” Converse has increased its tennis offerings this year and is one of many manufacturers breaking out a new line of lightweight tennis shoes.

“If the key thing you’re trying to do is help the consumer play well, then you want to help him pick up footspeed,” Button adds.

Puma USA, Inc., Brockton, Mass., which already has lightweight tennis shoes at retail, says the real problem is getting people to pick the shoe up from the display. “People walk into a store and see 3,000 sku’s of white shoes. You need to have something to make people jump at you,” says Puma’s executive vice president John O’Rourke.

Puma’s new marketing campaign, The Quickness of Light, offers consumers footspeed, but Puma also has made a subtle jump onto the fashion bandwagon. While still offering a traditional white tennis shoe, it is trying to lure consumers by adding color to the sole and the sockliner and thus make the shoe stand out on the shelf rather than the court.

Prince has developed its own technology, an arch-support strap, that lets a player adjust arch support by tightening a strap on the outside of the shoe. Last year, Reebok applied its Pump technology to its tennis shoe and Nike again infused its Air technology into tennis shoes. “The game has changed by virtue of the equipment,” says Skip Lei, footwear marketing manager for tennis at Nike. “We’ve seen the boom happen in footwear and apparel both. The consumer is demanding a more technical product. They want durability, stability, traction and cushioning. We consider those the four major food groups in footwear. Some will put a greater amount of preference on one or the other.”

He adds that there are so many manufacturers making high-quality sandals for high arches, fashion has become even more important. “It’s fun,” he says of the added colors. “Consumers want to have fun with apparel and footwear. We spend time researching the market to see what real people want. Bud Collins may not like it, but that’s not who we’re going after. Kids are wearing clothes influenced by surfing and that gave us an influence. We see people responding very well to that. There is always going to be a call for white, conservative shoes. When we started picking colors we wanted to go to the younger environment, which is the power of the market.”

Until now, he says, Nike was comfortable letting the over-25 conservative market go to another manufacturer. But in 1992, Nike will offer a collection called Supreme Court, to attract that market as well. “It will be toned down, not as wild,” Lei says.

But shoe construction is still important. Prince’s Skinner says since introducing its new arch-support strap, footwear sales are up 58 percent over a year ago. “Technology is critical in today’s marketplace,” he says, “especially if you are trying to break in. You’ve got to give a dealer and the consumer a reason to buy your shoe.”

Ironically, the high-tech shoes, which generally sell for $80 and up, aren’t being sold to the core-tennis players, of which there are 6 to 7 million, according to the American Tennis Industry Federation (ATIF) in Palm Beach, Fla.

For example, the Athlete’s Foot’s Hoffman says the Nike Air-Tech Challenge, the shoe worn by Andre Agassi, is sold as more of a street shoe than a court product. “Nike says it’s a technical shoe, which it is,” he says. “(But) I would argue that 80 to 90 percent are being bought as street shoes.”

The debate goes on. “Fashion is what gets you the big bucks,” says Chuck Himber, national sales manager for Sergio Tacchini in Compton, Calif. He says Tacchini has been suffering from lackluster sales because of its fashion. “Eventually we need to change our design to make it more fashion than function.”

Others question the sales of tennis shoes that are splashed with colors. “Colors look good on a wall, but when you get down to it, it’s the white, classic-looking colors that are selling,” says Deb Dumel, director of marketing and product development for Tretorn, Brockton, Mass. “I think the tennis market is in for some very nice growth in the next few years,” says Brian Sullivan, vice president of K-Swiss, Pacoima, Calif. “The growth is coming from two directions: The court-tennis consumer – the participant – is on the move again. It’s a growth category. And we have a whole flock of 12-to 16-year-olds who are taking it up, in addition to the tried and true who are picking up their rackets again.

“The second growth area is the growing fashion demand for clean, classic- looking tennis shoes. Glitz is out. What’s cool is classic and conservative in a quality way. In footwear, when they are looking for a classic item, they are looking for a tennis shoe.”

The Athletes’ Foot’s Hoffman believes the core tennis players max out at around the $80 price point and are wearing a mix of tennis shoes, such as the Wilson Pro Staff. “That’s not the kind of shoe you’re going to buy to knock around on the weekend.”

“I think the tennis player is more price sensitive,” says Bruce MacGregor, vice president of product marketing for Avia, Portland, Ore. He says the bulk of tennis shoe sell in the $60 to $80 range. “Tennis players play so much that they know they will have to buy so many pairs during the year anyway, and they rationalize by saying, Why should I pay that much for something that will wear out quickly?'”

The appeal just isn’t what it used to be for tennis shoes as a casual look. “That’s the next step we have to take,” says Adidas’ Wakley. “We have to make tennis appeal as street shoes. It’s a cyclical thing, and tennis shoes haven’t been fashionable for quite some time. We have a chance in the spring of 1992 to make inroads.” He adds that the company has signed with tennis guru and coach Nick Bollettieri in an effort to lure top players in their development stages. “They seem to be trend-setting players,” says Wakley.

Bollettieri has introduced the tennis world to the likes of Agassi, Monica Seles and Jim Courier. “We’re concentrating on the younger player,” says Adidas’ Wakely.

While tennis is still not as popular as it was in 1978, when there were 32 million players, according to Brad Patterson, executive director of the ATIF, the game is on its way back. Patterson says the ATIF describes players as those 12 and older who play at least once a year.

Participation bottomed out in 1985 with 13.5 million players and has been climbing through the 1980s to 20.1 million in 1988, 21.2 million in 1989 and an estimated 23 million players in 1990.

He attributes the increase to new programs that encourage players of equal ability to play together. In the 1970s, he explains, people tried the sport, didn’t get matched up with people of equal ability and then quit the game in frustration. “Development programs are making it easier for kids to get into tennis,” he says, and he points out that 100,000 more rackets were sold to juniors in 1990 than in 1989. In addition, he says, more juniors are becoming interested in the game because they can better relate to a game with a surge of teen sensations such as Jennifer Capriati, Pete Sampras, Michael Chang, Monica Seles and Agassi. “Those are teen players who the kids can relate to. They see Agassi, who has an MTV-rock-star aura, and that gets the kids interested.”

And it translates into sales for the manufacturers. Nike, for example, reports that since signing Agassi three years ago tennis footwear has grown from $30 million in sales $100 million.

“For us,” says Don Wood, Nike product line manager for apparel, “there is no question that he brings visibility, and there is no question he has helped sales.” Nike is projecting double-digit growth for tennis footwear and apparel in 1991.

Since signing Jennifer Capriati, Diadora reports footwear sales have increased 50 percent. “It’s difficult to tell how much is due to Jennifer and how much is due to the product,” says Ann McIntosh, advertising merchandising manager for the Kent, Wash.-based company.

Sergio Tacchini reported marginal growth in footwear but considerable increases in apparel sales following the 1990 U.S. Open, where both the men’s and women’s winners, Gabriela Sabatini and Peter Sampras, were outfitted in Tacchini from head to toe.

Incentives to sell watches

Watch suppliers operate in an awesomely competitive marketplace…especially in their dealings with often-finicky fine jewelers. Hence, to win, keep and spur on retail accounts, many suppliers have devised a variety of ingenious promotional ploys, sales incentives and payment terms.

Supplier inducements such as seasonal dating, rebate programs and co-op advertising plans have indeed proved valuable to jewelers.

But there are pitfalls: Some jewelers find the idea of a “deal” hard to resist even when it offers little or no significant advantage. Moreover, supplier concessions have been known to result in different prices for different customers.

To look at stuhrling mens watches reviews and current watch industry discount and allowance practices, JC-K spoke to a cross-section of watch company execs. Some were willing to describe their concession policies. Here is a sampling of standard discounts and allowances they customarily extend to retail accounts. Special terms of sale

A cash discount–which grants the buyer a deduction from price for paying his bill within a specific time–is perhaps the most time-honored concession in business. Most watch suppliers offer retail accounts some form of cash discount, and there are almost as many different terms of sale as watch brands.

Pulsar, for example, extends a 2% discount on payments within 10 days; otherwise the entire bill must be paid within 30 days (2%/10, net/30.) Lorus, another Hattori company, offers terms of 2%/10, net/60 to all its accounts. The new Glenn Corp., which markets the Cyma line, extends terms of 5%/10, 4%/30, 3%/60, 2%/90 or net/100.

By contrast, Timex Corp. has long maintained a simple net/30 policy, with no discount for early payment. “We choose to put our money into reaching the consumer…and creating demand via TV advertising,” says Timex marketing and product planning director David S. Rahilly.

Seasonal discounts and forward dating are variations of the basic cash discount. Discounted off-season ordering helps the retailer make his payments and permits the supplier to level out production and delivery schedules.

For his part, Lorus president Mort Gershman stresses that seasonal dating is not a standard policy of his firm. “But we’ll do it in specific situations,” Gershman says, “…to boost sales in a slack period or to even out shipping problems.”

Pulser president Arthur Cohen prefers not to reveal specific seasonal terms, but allows, “Different classes of trade receive different seasonal discounts.”

Bulova Watch Co. makes no bones about its traditional seasonal terms: 4%/September, net/January or 4%/March, net/July. According to Bulova marketing vice president Jerry Josephson, the Flushing, N.Y.-based firm also gives jewelers the option of signing a series of interest bearing promissory notes in January and July–payable within six months. “We’ve given these terms to everyone for many years,” says Josephson. Quantity discounts

In addition to standard seasonal dating, Citizen Watch Co. has a special “early buy” program (for fall only) for retailers ordering specific quantities. For example, a minimum 36-piece order before Aug. 31 earns a 10% discount; the same rate is earned on reorders of 12 pieces. “We’ve offered this to insure product support during our mid-season August/September TV campaign,” says Citizen senior vice president James Sottile. It’s essential, he says, that consumers be able to find the products his firm advertises.

Last spring Citizen offered a rebate program designed to support its initial 1984 TV advertising assault on the U.S. middle-market. Any account that increased business more than 25% from the previous spring received a 10% rebate certificate which could be put toward paying bills. If retailers increased business by 50%, they got a 20% rebate. “This program helped us win more than 300 new accounts,” Sottile claims.

Breitling, a division of Chronosport Inc., offers a refund deal on 12- or 20-piece stock orders: Half is shipped in 30 days, the balance in 90 days. If the order proves too much, however, customers can return the second half for full credit. What’s more, if a retailer keeps an entire 12-piece order and pays the invoice, he gets a $480 watch at no charge. On a 20-piece order he receives a free Voyageur watch worth $895. “At first some retailers are nervous…since our average 12-piece order runs about $3800,” notes Stephen Smoller, Breitling’s national sales coordinator. “But this deal asks them to assume only half the cost. So it’s helped us considerably in getting accounts.”

Though Pulsar Time has no similarly structured incentive program, it “tries to meet competition where it exists,” according to company president Arthur Cohen. “If a competitor gives away a watch for every 24 pieces [sold], we’ll do the same.” Sales incentives

Incentive programs for retail sales personnel are another basic kind of “deal” offered by watch suppliers. One of the most common is the spif (Special Promotional Incentive Funds). Spifs typically involve a cash bonus based on watch sales. According to hamilton Watch Co. president John Gelson, retail jewelers “need to do a better in-store job combating mass merchandisers and other forms of watch retailing. Spif is one way to build watch-selling enthusiasm.” Gelson says that Hamilton usually pays employes $1-$5 per sale.

Though Citizen Watch Co. no longer uses cash spifs, it does offer gifts based on a point system: One point for a clock and two points for a watch costing under $100 retail; four points for anything over $100. Accumulated points are recorded on a certification sheet, which also gives Citizen information on each sale. Prizes–over 1000 in all–include TV sets, golf clubs, microwave ovens, stereos, radios and luggage. “This has been a great motivator for people at the counters,” notes Jim Sottile.

Not every supplier, however, offers sales incentives. Lorus’s Mort Gershman notes that the spif currently isn’t part of his firm’s normal terms, but adds, “If there was a need for it, we would consider all possibilities.”

Not so at Pulsar Time. Company president Cohen is convinced spiftype programs are bad for retailers. “They’re the worst thing a retailer can be involved with,” Cohen says, “because he no longer controls his own business.” By running their own incentive programs, however, many retailers are able to circumvent that problem. Promotional allowances

As opposed to spifs, which try to push watch sales from within, co-op advertising pulls customers into the store by helping the retailer advertise more. There are many possible co-op terms; in almost all cases, however, the supplier’s share is limited to a fixed percentage of sales.

For example, Seiko Time Corp. and its distributors split co-op expenses 50/50 with retailers up to a gross cost not to exceed 10% of the jeweler’s purchases. If, say, a retailer buys $1000 worth of Seiko products, he’ll earn a co-op accrual of $100. That’s the amount he can spend on qualified advertising; of that, Seiko and the distributor will reimburse half or $50. Seiko’s co-op deal also includes ad slicks, radio scripts and TV commercial tapes.

Pulsar offers to split co-op expenses 50/50 up to 8% of a retailer’s net purchases from that firm. Bulova and the Glenn Corp. offer a 50/50 split up to 10% of purchases: co-op ad rebates from Longines-Wittnauer run as high as 12%.

Timex introduced a co-op program in 1983–its first in 17 years, according to marketing director Dave Rahilly. “We finally listened to our trade accounts who’d been insisting on it,” says Rahilly. “But we saw co-op as an opportunity to sell even more watches.” Timex’s current plan reimburses 50% of a retailer’s ad costs up to 3% of purchases. Lorus, by contrast, has no formal co-op policy; still, it provides an advertising allowance of sorts–up to 5% of one order per quarter, payable upon proof of performance.

Promotional allowances also take the form of free selling aids and materials. Seiko, Timex, Pulsar, Belair and most other major suppliers provide in-store and window displays, signs, placards and window decals at no charge. A typical limit on such “deals” is Bulova Watch Co.’s provision that though aids and displays are free, they’re contingent upon minimum purchases. Lorus has a similar policy. “We give customers free light and motion, counter/floor displays,” says company president Mort Gershman, “as long as they buy our merchandise.”

Other free promotional assistance runs the gamut from sales training talks and seminars to catalogs, mailers and ad slicks. According to Bob Stevens, Seiko’s manager of advertising and public relations, the firm offers a clerk training program that includes audiovisual learning aids “designed to help retailers sell more jewelry products as well as more watches.”

Stevens adds, “We make these materials available to our distributors who disseminate them to retailers. But exactly what’s offered varies from one distributor to another.” Special pledges

But watch company deals also can be of a less tangible sort. All suppliers promise both new and existing retail accounts unending loyalty, understanding and efficient service in exchange for their continued patronage. Indeed, rampant deep discounting has made mutual vendor/retailer loyalty more important than ever. Now Bulova has elevated this bond almost to the level of a “sacred” oath–in the form of its new P.A.C.T. (Profit and Commitment Treaty). Retailers sign a P.A.C.T. pledge to support Bulova’s position in the industry and to show its products to uncommitted customers first, rather than to merely sell price. In return, jewelers get full keystone profit and company support.

“P.A.C.T. offers retailers a way out of the current watch market chaos,” says Bulova marketing vice president Jerry Josephson. “The concept recognizes that while 40% of customers ask for a specific akribos xxiv brand review, 60% are uncommitted.” Josephson points out that many jewelers mistakenly believe price is the consumer’s first priority. “The retailer tries to outdo the next guy…by selling price. But price,” he adds, “is actually way down the list–after styling, quality and warranty service.”

According to Josephson, if a retailer shows mostly discounted watches, he’s going to give away a slice of the profit. “Instead,” he says, “P.A.C.T. asks the jeweler to bring the shopper to his number one display location where there’s a brand offering the best value.” The jeweler’s view

Despite their appeal, watch company “deals” may not impress some retailers as all that important.

“I’m not looking for anything special from suppliers as long as they’re not giving something extra to somebody else,” says Carl Albion, owner of Carl’s Jewelers Inc., Niagara Falls, N.Y. “It’s important that I get the same option as others. If my suppliers were to offer a quantity discount to a department store, I’d feel they were taking advantage.”

Joel Koppelman of Sunset Jewelers, Burlington, N.J., adds, “To me deals don’t mean that much. I sell what the public wants [Pulsar and Seiko]. They’re bread and butter to me.” Koppelman stresses, moreover, that Pulsar and Seiko “do more advertising than I could ever hope to do.” He feels this alone makes it worth buying from them.

“So even if there were no co-op advertising or any other deals, I’d still carry these brands,” Koppelman says. Longines unveils anniversary Atmos

Longines-Wittnauer Watch Co. New Rochelle, N.Y., has unveiled a special limited-edition Anniversary Atmos in honor of the parent firm’s 150-year history.

Only 750 Anniversary Atmos have been created for the North American market, each carrying its own registration number and two medallions of authenticity. Purchasers will receive a special certificate of authenticity, validating the uniqueness of the timepiece.

Each one-of-a-kind unit stands 13-in. tall, and has a dome-shaped, hand-blown glass cover whose style is reminiscent of the first Atmos. The dome houses the world’s only timing device that runs solely on changes in air temperature–the Swiss-made, 24k gold-plated mechanism requires no winding, no batteries and no connector or electrical current. Owned by presidents, popes, kings and numerous other VIPs worldwide, Longines says the Atmos can last for generations without running down.

According to Jack Davis, president of Longines-Wittnauer, “Atmos is a truly remarkable timing device that’s hand-produced with the same attention given to a Rolls Royce, Ferrari or other fine-tuned, classic products.” A team of 30 timing technicians must complete nearly 2000 steps, taking nearly eight months and 25 separate inspections, to produce one Atmos.

The timepiece will be available this fall through fine jewelry and department stores that carry Longines and Wittnauer watches. Suggested retail price is $2950. New shareholder takes over Eterna

A Swiss conglomerate–the PWC-Group–has taken over all shares in Eterna Ltd., a Grenchen, Switzerland-based precision watch factory that formerly was an ASUAG-SSIH property.

The agreement is in keeping with ASUAG-SSIH’s policy of concentrating its efforts on a limited number of watch brands. Nonetheless ASUAG-SSIH claims it intends to cooperate closely with Eterna in the future, especially in the area of advanced technology.

According to industry sources, Eterna will continue its present brand policy in the middle and upper price brackets. Moreover, it will keep the same organization, personnel and management, as well as its headquarters, which have been in Grenchen since 1856.

Now, however, Eterna will have the support of an influential shareholder uniquely able to help it expand advertising and sales.


Bulova has come up with a formula to deal with the growing issue of manufacturers competing directly with their retail accounts, either by opening their own stores or launching e-commerce sites.

In its new Internet venture announced Saturday, Bulova has found a way to support, rather than compete with, its stable of over 12,000 retail doors.

“We spent a good two years debating how to deal with the whole situation and trying to figure out what to do,” said Francie Abraham, vice president of marketing at the 125-year old watch firm. “We have a long history of great partnerships with our retailers and we know how worried they are about manufacturers going into competition with them. At the same time, we knew we couldn’t ignore the Internet.”

At the JCK fine jewelry show in Orlando, Fla., Bulova unveiled a partnership with Dillon, Colo.-based Polygon Networks, Inc., a leading developer of proprietary products and services for the jewelry industry. The firm designs and maintains thousands of sites for retailers and suppliers across the country via a password-protected industry site called the Jewelry Industry WebCenter. The center also includes an online wholesale gem trading network.

Abraham pointed to two factors that frequently block small, independent jewelers from operating their own Web sites: The ability to create a professional looking, full-service site, and having the funds and infrastructure to constantly create and update information and high quality product images.

“Both those things would likely have to come from a store’s traditional advertising budget, which would effectively cripple them,” Abraham said. “We’re trying to tackle both. Being a much larger company, we’ve found a way to make an investment that they couldn’t possibly make.”

Through their partnership, Polygon and Bulova can create sites for bulova accutron review and stores that don’t already have them. For those already up and running, Bulova will provide product images and corresponding content that the watch firm will also update.

“Every page of our products will have a link back to their e-mail or home page, but it will appear to the consumer that our product line is a part of their Web site,” said Abraham. “It will be made available free of charge to our credible accounts and they won’t ever have to go through the effort of making changes.

“In the second phase, which will probably occur in the next two to three months, we will provide the software necessary to conduct e-commerce. The stores will sell directly to their consumers. We won’t be involved.”

Abraham said the program would be tailored to reflect each retailer’s assortment and will be rolled out to any of Bulova’s credible accounts throughout this year.

“We’ve come to the conclusion that for us, this is another marketing tool,” she said. “Using the jewelers to promote our product is another way of advertising.”

When asked what the cost of initiating and maintaining such a program would be, she said, “It’s an annual investment. We took the funds out of our national advertising budget. We’ve had several very good years and our ad budget has been increasing tremendously.

“We consider this part of our 125th anniversary celebration. It’s sort of a gift back to our retailers.”

She said other details regarding the anniversary would be announced later in the year.

Great features of Invicta 9211 learned from Invicta watches review

This is a mesmerizing watch from Invicta that you can find in the market, the watch case is around 40 mm thick in diameter without considering the crown. You can find the case to be very much solid and is without a doubt made up of high quality stainless steel. If you check the back of this watch, you would find serrations that is same like an oyster. You can find an engraving on the back of the watch that says Invicta 9211 along with the logo of the brand Invicta in the center of the back case. The face of the watch would have omate sunburst that would comprise of detailing on top of the elegant white background. You would be able to find the logo to be embossed in silver and would be placed on the face and it looks like the logo is sitting on it with great pride.

Features of the Invicta 9211 as per the Invicta watches review

You would be able to find three sub dials on the watch along with one mail dial. These three dials would be chronograph sun dials and are positioned in a much symmetrical fashion in the face of the watch and is considered to be styled with silver. There is coating of luminescent trinity on the hands so that it would glow when in darkness thus making this watch to be used in almost any type of conditions. It would just have to be exposed a tiny bit of sun light and the user can read the time very easily in pitch darkness as well. The luminescent trinity can glow for about 20 hours with one time exposure to sunlight, which is a great feature to consider. The date on the face of the watch is considered to be positioned near the hour number 4 thus offering a unique type of look when compare to other models of the same brand.

Important aspect to consider for underwater divers from Invicta watches review

The users can find three different crowns on the invicta watch 8926 and each of them are used for each type of sub dials. Top crown among the three crowns would start the stopwatch on the press and the bottom one would be used to reset the timers or the hands that are associated with the stopwatch. The crown that can be found on the center is mainly used to set type the date and time of the watch. The screwed down crown would help the user to reinforce water resistance when required. According to the invicta mens watches review that can be obtained from the users, the crowns have to be screwed down before diving into the water so that water resistance would be enabled.

The crystal that can be found on the face of the watch is recognized to be made up of crystal that is of reflective mineral which also happens to be a great scratch resistant. This would offer very high level of durability to the watch and can be used in various type of conditions as well. They are much more resistant than the sapphire type of crystal or fusion type crystal scratch models.

New watch lines off and running

In the watch market, it pays to be new. Retailers report that the watch category remains strong, especially for new entries.

“We have found that in general, it’s the new items in watches that are selling the best,” said Steve Shonebarger, vice president and general merchandise manager for Mayor’s Jewelers, which operates 20 fine jewelry and watch stores throughout Florida. “If it’s new and unique at a great price, it’s going to sell.”

Shonebarger said watch sales are up slightly — less than 5 percent — over last year.

Watch business at Fortunoff’s is up 10 to 15 percent from last year, according to Helen Fortunoff, a principal of the Westbury, N.Y.-based retailer.

A watch is a practical and yet glamorous gift, and in these times, that element of practicality is important,” she pointed out. “The high-tech, very macho looks are selling, and Swatch chronographs are still blowing out.”

Among the new entries is Franchi-Menotti, a Milan-based watch firm that has done about $350,000 in its first three months of selling to the U.S. Sales are projected to hit $1 million in the first year, according to Boaz Hirshberg, president of Empire Watches, here, the North American distributor. The line was introduced in Italy almost two years ago.

The watches wholesale from $160 to $825, and some styles are chronographs and have a compass.

One of the reasons we brought in the Franchi-Menotti line was because of our Italian promotion, but we also liked the styling of it,” said Richard Caniglia, vice president and director of fine jewelry at Bloomingdale’s, here. “The story behind the watches — that this firm used to make watches for the Italian military — is a great selling point, and the bulky look is definitely what people are attracted to.”

Fortunoff said Modern English, a line of watches with colorful textured fabric bands, is among her top performing new lines.

“Modern English is fun. It’s being bought as a second or third watch for casual living or given as a gift to someone young in spirit,” said Fortunoff.

Modern English has sold more than 30,000 watches at $22.50 wholesale in its first four months in business and expects to sell between 350,000 to 400,000 in its first year, according to Jon Rashotsky, president of the Wellesley, Mass.-based firm.

The watches are manufactured in Hong Kong by Penta Star and are sold through Modern English, a division of Gem Time. The line is being shown at Maryesta Carr, an accessories sales representative firm here.

Fortunoff cited Rado’s new La Coupole Ceramique watch as a particularly strong seller.

“The Ceramique line does well because nobody has anything like it,” said Shonebarger of Mayor’s. “The Rado name is also very recognizable, which is important now.”

The collection, the latest in Rado Watch Co.’s line of ceramic watches, will eventually make up 30 percent of the firm’s volume, according to John Hubacher, president of the firm, a division of SMH U.S. Inc., here. The line wholesales from $475 to $550.

Hamilton Watch, The Lancaster, Pa.-based division of SMH U.S., has had initial success with a line of watches based on designs the firm created for the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II.

Ron Jackson, executive vice president and brand manager, said, “Based on the reaction to the line so far, we expect it to make up 10 to 15 percent of our total volume by the end of its first year.”

The line of watches commemorating the 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s voyage manufactured by Swiss America Watch Corp. here, has taken in $450,000 in orders in its first two weeks, according to Bernard Sonnenschein, vice president.

Sonnenschein said the line, which is just being shipped to stores now, is expected to generate $10 million in volume over the next year, and $18 million in total by the end of 1993. The watches carry the name Nobel, which is Swiss America’s trademark, and run the gamut from $20 wholesale for a goldtone stainless steel watch to $3,000 for a limited edition watch featuring an 18-karat gold medallion face.

Bulova’s new Accutron line, introduced in stores in October, has exceeded the firm’s sales expectations by 20 percent, according to Phil Shaw, vice president of marketing. The line wholesales from $198 to $548.

Timegear International, Inc., a Los Angeles-based watch firm, has booked 120,000 units of a new item consisting of a watch face sold with three interchangeable bands — a leather band, a goldtone chain band and a faux pearl band — at $28 wholesale. The firm expects to sell more than 240,000 units in its first year.

Luxury is the prime factor for american consumers

CONSUMERS WANT TO GO NOWHERE BUT UP, AND THAT’S reflected in the growing interest in watches and jewelry, particularly in timepieces with many complications, designer names and jewelry accents — namely diamonds. Further boosting sales, women and men are buying these baubles for themselves instead of waiting to receive them as gifts.

The jewelry and watch industry is a $43.6 billion business and, according to Jewelers of America’s Cost of Doing Business Survey, watches represent 5 percent of total fine jewelry sales. U.S. diamond jewelry sales reached $31.5 billion last year. According to a recent study conducted by the Jewelry Consumer Opinion Council, of the nearly 90 percent of female respondents who own diamond jewelry, almost 70 percent purchased it for themselves. Half of the 500 men surveyed own diamond jewelry and half of those were willing to buy more for themselves, a 23 percent increase over JCOC’s 2004 study.

According to the Platinum Guild International USA, dollar sales of platinum in the U.S. rose 9.6 percent in 2004 from 2003 and they’re expected to remain steady in 2005.

U.S. gold jewelry sales increased by 4 percent in 2004, to approximately $17 billion, the strongest growth for the category since 1999. Gold also showed a 5.6 percent sales value growth in the final quarter of 2004, according to a study conducted by NOP World, a market research firm, sponsored by the World Gold Council.

Titanium has also gained ground. Firms like Sector and Rado have included the metal, which is lighter in weight than stainless steel, in their watches.

It’s clear that the luxury companies, like Tiffany, 10th on this list, have met the challenge. But main-floor vendors have soared when it comes to meeting consumer demand, especially the leader of the pack, Timex.

Timex makes fashion a top priority and teamed with the sex-charged Italian house of Gianni Versace this year. The collaboration resulted in the Vertime watches that were launched at the Basel Watch Fair in Basel, Switzerland, in April. The line fuses technology and glamour, like the piece Donatella Versace wears — a white ceramic rendition encrusted with diamonds.

Number-two Seiko is going after the sparkle in a woman’s eye — or perhaps on her wrist. The brand developed a diamond-setting system that allows larger stones to be put in more elegant settings, retailing from $375 to $695. Seiko also unveiled its Spring Drive technology, 28 years in the making. The watch features one-second-per-day accuracy, a continuous-sweep second hand and a power reserve of 72 hours; most mechanical watches store power for 40 hours.

Third-ranked Rolex launched the Rolex Prince line of watches, part of its Cellini range. For the first time, a Rolex watch has a transparent case back that reveals a guilloche decoration on the movement echoing the dial.

Bulova, number four, recently launched a sport watch line called Marine Star. It’s also been including more diamonds in its collection, for a more sophisticated look.

Swatch, number five, has amped up its Bijoux jewelry collection, which has doubled in sales this year in the U.S. The line features high-end jewelry influences like enamel-like details and crystal-studded cocktail rings made of base metal or sterling silver. Yet Swatch has also jumped on the jewelry trend, and launched the Swatch Skin Diamond watch with 174 diamonds set in its face.

Citizen, at six, and Casio, at seven, have turned their focus to the latest technologies and fashions. Citizen has its sights set on its Eco Drive technology for watches that never need a replacement battery; the watches use natural or artificial light as an energy source. The company has also created charm watches, which are increasingly popular with women, and Swarovski crystal-encrusted watches.

Citizen also has versions of its Ladies’ Stiletto and Elektra watches with hand-set diamond details. The company launched the men’s Calibre 8651 moon phase titanium flight watches and 300M divewatches.

Casio launched its Oceanus watches in May. They use an Atomic Solar movement and keep perfect time, the company claims. Casio is also expanding its Baby G mostly digital watch line and has partnered with sportswear company E.vil, to create Baby E.vil, a limited-edition watch that will be exclusive to Federated Department Stores.

Banking on the trend of classic video game influence in apparel, number-eight Fossil is launching the Big Tic watch collection this fall. The watches take inspiration from Eighties video games with digitally animated dials featuring bouncing flowers, scrolling digits or robots walking across the face of the watch. Some styles feature games like Centipede, Breakout and Asteroids from Atari. Fossil also introduced a Palm OS wristwatch under its own moniker this year. Corporately, the maker ofwatches for Burberry, Diesel, Michele and Michael Michael Kors scored another coup when it nabbed a license with Marc Jacobs International to develop and distribute fine and fashion timepieces under the Marc Jacobs and Marc by Marc Jacobs names.

Number-nine Swiss Army recently unveiled the ST 5000, a navigation watch with built-in lighting and directional compass. The watch, with luminous hands and numbers, is available with a black or silver dial. It features a rotating compass rose and a black synthetic rubber strap.

Tiffany & Co. is often thought of as classic, fine jewelry, but the venerable brand is expanding in hopes of tacking on a few more adjectives — like cutting-edge, avant-garde and retro. Its 2005 collection includes a 233-carat Bahari tanzanite brooch wrapped in leaves of diamonds set in platinum, and a black opal and peridot bracelet in 22-karat gold resembling an ancient Roman mosaic. The Tiffany Grand watch also launched this year, with a rectangular case and a geometric black and white dial.

1. Timex

2. Seiko

3. Rolex

4. Bulova

5. Swatch

6. Citizen

7. Casio

8. Fossil

9. Swiss Army

10. Tiffany

Timely innovations: fashion watches keep on ticking

The fashion watch industry has enjoyed a period of strong growth that is expected to continue through the 1995 holiday season. Sales of watches in 1995 are up to 20% better than in 1994, and 1994 was a growth year. The major factors that have kept the sector growing have been new styles and products. New lines from Timex, including licensed Timberland and Joe Boxer items, will debut for the season. Outdoor styles will be prominent, and gift-with-purchase promotions will become more popular.

Fashion watches show no signs of slowing the fast pace set over a year ago as the all-important holiday period begins. Unlike other segments of fashion retailing plagued by a shortage of fresh ideas, the watch category has been driven by a seemingly endless pipeline of line launches, limited editions and strong fashion trends.

Retailers are optimistic. Sales this year are running roughly 15 to 20 percent ahead of last year at many stores, marking the second year in a row of significant doubledigit gains.

Fourth-quarter offerings this year should add to the excitement. Several firms are launching divisions and licensed collections, in addition to items timed for the peak holiday selling period.

The category as a whole will see freshness from Guess Athletic, Defender watches from Fossil and Durasteel watches by Armitron, all new divisions of their respective parents. This is in addition to Timex’s licensed collections for Timberland and Joe Boxer — both of which have experienced exceptionally strong sell-ins, according to Susie Watson, Timex’s marketing director.

The top-of-counter Guess Athletic line is being positioned to fill a void in the market for brand name sport watches in the $48 to $55 price range, said Mickey Callanen, president of the Callanen Group, which produces the Guess watch line under license.

We believe that the line will fill a niche that could eventually account for as much as 15 percent of our total business,” Callanen said.

The Athletic line, scheduled to be shipped in November, is somewhat younger and hipper-looking, he said. It features waterproof sport watches in rugged, outdoor looks with alarms, dual time zones, lap timers and Indiglo illuminated dials — “all the buzzes and whistles associated with true sportwatches today,” as Callanen put it.

Fossil’s Defender collection is a “classically styled, durable watch line in stainless steel with a lot of special functions, heavily inspired by retro airplane cockpits,” said Merk Harbour, the firm’s marketing manager. It will retail in the $65 to $130 range.

Armitron‘s Durasteel line features solid stainless steel case and bracelet watches that are “ultra durable and hypoallergenic,” said Jerry Dickowitz, vice president of marketing for E. Gluck, which manufactures Armitron.

Also on tap are commemorative items from the Looney Tunes line by E. Gluck, limited edition pieces from Nautica and a Star Trek series from Fossil. There are many new takes on the two prevailing trends of the moment — rugged athletic and outdoor looks, and dressy, small-scale feminine styles.

Looney Tunes character watches have been a continuous growth area for E. Gluck, Dickowitz said. He expects this collectible series to further feed consumer demand. The initial series will include four styles that commemorate classic cartoons dating back to the 1940s. Each watch will be packaged in an 8-mm movie canister and will retail for $55. Additional styles will come every few months.

Watson said the Nautica sterling silver tank watch with a black or brown alligator band will be limited to 4,000 numbered units — 2,000 of each color. They will retail for $295.

Fossil’s Star Trek and Next Generation collector series is being offered under an agreement with Viacom. The first watch in the series will feature a molded dial of the USS Enterprise and will be packaged in a Starfleet emblem-shaped box. The buyer will also receive a molded coin of the USS Enterprise and a certificate of authenticity, Harbour said. The watch will retail for $85 and be limited to 15,000 numbered pieces.

On the trend side, Anne Klein and Anne Klein II, Liz Claiborne and Carolee will offer wide assortments of smaller-scale, dressy, feminine styles, many of which are trimmed in Swarovski crystal and have the look of fine jewelry.

Practically every firm will offer rugged outdoor looks to draw interest from the twentysomething crowd that participates in activities like mountain biking, snow boarding and in-line skating. Many will use either resin, rubber or rough-looking leather bands and offer a myriad of functional features.

While gift-with-purchase programs aren’t exactly a new phenomenon in fashion watches, this year they have increased. They are offering more than basic merchandise, and many will hit selling floors earlier.

Timex will roll out gwp’s for its Essentials, Joe Boxer, Nautica and Timberland lines in September. Consumers purchasing an Essentials watch will receive a selection of gourmet coffee, tea and cocoa. Joe Boxer buyers will get a bright yellow inner tube suitable for the snow or water. And Nautica purchasers will take home a baseball cap. The Timberland premium hasn’t yet been determined.

Liz Claiborne has created exclusive arrangements so that each store offers a different gift; these programs will run from the fall through the end of the year. Buyers of Liz Claiborne watches will receive such gifts as a Liz Claiborne bracelet, fragrance or umbrella.

The new dawn of digital – fresh looks in watches just may turn LCDs into the latest must-have accessory

Once the wrist wear of the future, digital watches quickly became a fad of the past. But now these iconic accessories are experiencing a revival with new versions that are – dare we say it – cool.

People are yearning for items from the past,” says David Johnson, vice president of Casio Timepieces, a division of Casio, a multibrand watch and electronics company in Dover, N.J.

The digital watch was invented in 1971 by Peter Dimitroff Petroff, a NASA engineer. He licensed it to the Hamilton Watch Co., which marketed it as the Pulsar. The Pulsar sold in 18-karat gold for $2,100 in 1972.

Johnson says Casio later advanced the novelty by creating a digital watch with an automatic calendar in 1974. Today’s Casio watches also feature multiple time zones and atomic time, a system that receives signals from a tower in Colorado to update seconds throughout the day.

“Now you don’t even have to reset your watch for daylight savings,” he says.

Johnson reports Casio’s styles have remained fairly consistent, yet digital watches in many of the company’s other brands, including G-Shock, Baby-G and Sweet Poison by Baby-G, follow the trendsvia colorful or printed straps. Casio watches retail below $100, while Baby-G and Sweet Poison run around $100 and G-Shock costs $79 to $250.

“This niche is geared toward an individual who’s more interested in sporty technology with lots of functions,” says Sebastiano DiBari, managing director for Sector Group USA, a multibrand watch firm in New York.

Sector’s Pirelli line produces women’s “anadigi” watches, which combine analog and digital time movements and have bright rubber straps, for $790.

Penguin watches, which are manufactured, designed and licensed by Austin, Tex.-based Seiko Instruments USA, introduced its first digital timepiece with a limited-edition model last fall.

“Penguin’s heritage is rooted in the Fifties and Sixties, so the [retro] trend is right for us,” says senior product designer Maggie Andreani.

Spring’s collection of 21 styles includes both digital and anadigi time movements. One 24-karat gold-plated digital version features an etched penguin decoration on the flat front and two time displays at the edges so the wearer and someone sitting across from the wearer can read it, says Andreani. Another anadigi watch has gold penguin wings for hands, and a small liquid crystal display that can show seconds and the date. The dial comes in either fake walnut wood or cream aluminum, while the band is either leather or a gold-plated chain-link bracelet. Retail prices range from $125 to $165.

“I think this trend has some staying power,” says Andreani. “Plus, as a designer, it’s a great opportunity to revisit something that’s been overlooked for so long.”

Now that consumers have warmed up to technology through cell phones and BlackBerry devices, Barbara Korn, vice president of luxury brands at Richardson, Tex.-based Fossil Inc., says the digital trend should be further explored. “It’s an important component for those searching for functionality or a cool new look,” she explains.

The Marc by Marc Jacobs watch collection, which is produced under a license with Fossil, launched its first assortment for fall with a women’s digital watch, cleanly styled with a purple or blue patent leather strap.

Andrew Lippman, vice president of marketing for Middlebury, Conn.-based Timex, says other advancements in digital watches could further interest fashionable consumers. These range from multiple alarms, heart-rate monitors and barometer and temperature readings to color liquid crystal displays.

“Because digital faces are easy to read, they’re embraced by sports enthusiasts and children. But with more sleek and chic designs, more consumers are adopting them,” he says, adding digital watches now represent 25 percent of sales of all watches worldwide.

Swiss watchmakers are adding a feminine touch to their men’s styles to cater to a growing market


“Until recently, women didn’t really have much of a choice in the world of watches,” said Paul Ziff, president of LVMH-owned Zenith in North America. “Basically, they could either wear a man’s mechanical watch or a ladies battery-driven quartz watch.”

Judging from the attention Swiss timepiece manufacturers devoted to women at the recent Basel and Geneva watch and jewelry fairs, change is in the air. Ostensibly driving the development is that women are buying more men’s watches, especially oversized models.

Manufacturers have responded to the trend by introducing large models tailored to women, then adding bling, such as diamond bezels, or mother-of-pearl faces and straps in colorful exotic skins.

“For a woman to wear a big watch has become a real fashion statement,” said Mark Udell, co-owner of London Jewelers, which runs five stores in the U.S. “It definitely says something strong about the lady and her personality.”

Udell estimated that 30 percent of the watches he sells to women are designed as men’s pieces.

“Women want larger-case watches,” said Andrew Block, senior vice president of marketing at Tourneau, which operates some 25 stores across the U.S. “In fact, we’ve seen a trend from the watch manufacturers toward referring to their watch by size — small, medium and large — instead of by gender.”

Corum, a high-end Swiss manufacturer, has started to operate along similar lines. Chairman Severin Wunderman said some of the company’s recent creations, such as watches with hand-painted enamel faces, “are sold to the tune of 75 percent to women.”

“That very large watches are in vogue today helps the situation,” Wunderman said. “But one of the reasons women are buying men’s watches is very simple: Women’s models are very few and only a minority of manufacturers is making them.”

Some manufacturers are going farther, betting women will be wooed by more special features inwatches such as perpetual calendars and chronographs.

At Basel, Zenith even introduced a tourbillon, a sophisticated mechanical movement that compensates for the effect of gravity on time. It costs about $250,000.

For its part, Tag Heuer reported strong demand for its ladies chronographs, and Patek Philippe introduced an annual calendar for women that retailers praised.

Hank Edelman, president of Patek Philippe in North America, said he expects women to buy more complicated watches, because people don’t only buy one watch, but think of them as one of many accessories in their wardrobe.

“It’s also a question of knowledge and awareness,” he said. “A woman can be just an interested in a mechanical watch as a man. Women have been ignored in some regard.”

Several retailers and manufacturers question whether women will take to complicated mechanical timepieces.

“We believe the jury is still out regarding women’s acceptance of watch complications,” Block said. “The sell-through on these watches isn’t as strong as in the men’s category.”

Wunderman said, “Complications for women I feel will be very short-lived. Women prefer quartz pieces, which don’t need a person to be an engineer to make them work. Also, $150,000 to $200,000 for a complication piece is a hard sell [for] a woman to get her husband to buy — at least in my world.”

Thomas Morf, chief executive officer of Carl F. Bucherer, said, “Ladies look at design first, then they look at the brand. They don’t care if its mechanical or quartz. If it fits their style, those details matter little.”